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Bio : Carole King
Since writing her first number one hit “Will You Love Me Tomorrow” at the tender age of 17, Carole King has arguably become the most celebrated and iconic singer/songwriter of all time.
King wrote “Will You Love Me Tomorrow” for The Shirelles with then-husband Gerry Goffin. The dozens of chart hits Goffin & King wrote during this period have become part of music legend, including “Take Good Care of My Baby” (Bobby Vee, 1961), “The Loco-Motion” (Little Eva, 1962), “Up On The Roof” (The Drifters, 1962), “Chains” (The Cookies, 1962; The Beatles, 1963), “One Fine Day” (The Chiffons, 1963), “Hey Girl” (Freddie Scott, 1963), “I’m Into Something Good” (Herman’s Hermits, 1964), “Just Once In My Life” (with Phil Spector for The Righteous Brothers, 1965), and “Don’t Bring Me Down” (The Animals, 1966).
In 1960, King made her solo debut with a song called “Baby Sittin’” and, two years later, her demo of “It Might As Well Rain Until September” made the Top 25 in the United States, climbing all the way to number three on the British chart. In 1967, Goffin and King’s song “Natural Woman” was immortalized by Aretha Franklin. To date, more than 400 of her compositions have been recorded by more than 1,000 artists, resulting in 100 hit singles.
King’s 1971 solo album, Tapestry, took her to the pinnacle. While King was recording Tapestry, James Taylor recorded King’s “You’ve Got a Friend,” taking the song all the way to number one. In a first for a female writer/artist, Tapestry spawned four Grammy Awards®—Record, Song, and Album of The Year as well as Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female honors for King. With more than 25 million units sold worldwide, Tapestry remained the best-selling album by a female artist for a quarter century, and King went on to amass three other platinum and eight gold albums. Tapestry was inducted into the Grammy Hall Of Fame® in 1998.
In 1987, King was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, and, a year later, Goffin and King were awarded the National Academy of Songwriters’ Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1990, the duo was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 2002 King was honored with the prestigious Johnny Mercer Award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Two years later, Goffin and King received the Trustees Award from The Recording Academy®.
The past decade has been among the busiest and most successful of King’s career. She’s been the recipient of a number of esteemed awards and honors, and remained active in the public’s eye with musical and literary work. King’s many late-career achievements include a 50th anniversary Troubadour reunion run with James Taylor that became the RIAA gold-certified Live At The Troubadour, inspiring the pair’s 60-concert Troubadour Reunion world tour in 2010. The Troubadour shows also inspired the Morgan Neville-directed feature-length documentary Troubadours: Carole King/James Taylor & The Rise Of The Singer-Songwriter, and premiered on PBS’ American Masters in 2011 shortly after being released on DVD.
In 2012, she received the BMI Icon Award and an Honorary Doctorate from Berklee College of Music. The following year brought her The Recording Academy Lifetime Achievement Award, and she became the first woman to be awarded The Library of Congress Gershwin Prize for Popular Song, presented by President Barack Obama at an all-star White House gala.
King published her memoir, A Natural Woman, in 2012, which debuted on The New York Times best-seller list at number six and prompted Vanity Fair to say, “America is having a Carole King moment.”
On January 12, 2014, Beautiful: The Carole King Musical opened on Broadway. Audiences were amazed by King’s deep musical catalog, and captivated by her life story. The show became the hit of the season and won a Grammy® for Best Musical Theater Album and two Tony® awards. The musical remains on Broadway and now tours across America. In 2015, it made its international debut at London’s West End, where it garnered two Olivier Awards, and after wrapping up in London, will tour the UK this fall. Beautiful will open new shows in Japan and Australia in fall 2017.
In January 2014, King was honored as the MusiCares Person of the Year and a special gala was held at the Los Angeles Convention Center in which several of today’s most popular artists, including Lady Gaga, Alicia Keys, and Kacey Musgraves, performed many of King’s classics. To end the night, King herself came out to perform “Home Again,” “Jazzman,” and “Sweet Seasons”/”Hey Girl” with James Taylor; after all these years, King proved that she could still captivate an entire audience.
On December 6, 2015, King was introduced as a Kennedy Center Honoree for her lifetime contributions to American culture through her music. Aretha Franklin, James Taylor, Sara Bareilles, and Janelle Monae performed King’s music at the ceremony to pay tribute to her indelible music. The following February, PBS premiered “American Masters – Carole King: Natural Woman,” a documentary about her life and work.
On July 3, 2016, King returned to the UK stage for the first time in 27 years to perform Tapestry in full at a sold-out performance at London’s Hyde Park during the BST Festival. The 65,000+ audience spanned multiple generations and showed the power and timelessness of King’s music.
In addition to her continuously evolving musical career, King, who has lived on an Idaho ranch since the early 1980s, is actively involved with environmental organizations in support of wilderness preservation.